Other Helpful Resources

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is an idea in psychology proposed by American Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” in the journal Psychological Review. A pyramid typically represents this hierarchy. In this guide, there are three levels: basic needs, psychosocial needs and self-care.  

Finding a job, obtaining health insurance and health care, contributing money to a savings account, and moving into a safer neighborhood are all examples of actions motivated by the security and safety needs. The safety and physiological levels of Maslow’s hierarchy make up what is often referred to as the basic needs. In this resource guide, it is labeled as ‘basic needs’. Participation in professional activities, academic accomplishments, athletic or team participation, and personal hobbies can all play a role in fulfilling esteem needs. People who are able to satisfy the esteem needs by achieving good self-esteem and the recognition of others tend to feel confident in their abilities. The esteem and social levels make up what is known as the psychological needs of Maslow’s hierarchy. In this resource guide, it is labeled as ‘psychosocial needs’.At the very peak of Maslow’s hierarchy are the self-actualization needs and can be described as “the full use and exploitation of talents, capabilities, potentialities, etc”. In this resource guide, it is labeled as ‘self-care’.

Social Determinants of Health

Social determinants of health (SDOH) are the conditions in the environments where people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks. SDOH contribute to wide health disparities and inequities. For example, people who don’t have access to grocery stores with healthy foods are less likely to have good nutrition. That raises their risk of health conditions like heart disease, diabetes, and obesity — and even lowers life expectancy relative to people who do have access to healthy foods. Just promoting healthy choices won’t eliminate these and other health disparities. Instead, public health organizations and their partners in sectors like education, transportation, and housing need to take action to improve the conditions in people’s environments.

Healthy People 2030, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.



Strengthening Families and The Protective Factors Framework

Center for the Study of Social Policy (CSSP) is a national, non-profit policy organization that connects community action, public system reform, and policy change to create a fair and just society in which all children and families thrive. CSSP works to achieve a racially, economically, and socially just society in which all children and families thrive by translating ideas into action, promoting public policies grounded in equity, supporting strong and inclusive communities, and advocating with and for all children and families marginalized by public policies and institutional practices.

Strengthening Families™ is a research-informed framework and approach to preventing child abuse and neglect. Developed by the Center for the Study of Social Policy, this approach focuses on family and community strengths and Protective Factors rather than risk factors. Protective Factors are what helps children and families thrive despite whatever risk factors they might face.


Adverse Childhood Experiences

Adverse childhood experiences, or ACEs, are potentially traumatic events that occur in childhood (0-17 years).ACEs are linked to chronic health problems, mental illness, and substance use problems in adulthood. ACEs can also negatively impact education, job opportunities, and earning potential. However, ACEs can be prevented. ACEs and associated social determinants of health, such as living in under-resourced or racially segregated neighborhoods, frequently moving, and experiencing food insecurity, can cause toxic stress (extended or prolonged stress). Toxic stress from ACEs can change brain development and affect such things as attention, decision-making, learning, and response to stress.


Links and Downloads

Search through our list of other helpful resources that might be of interest to you below. Some are links straight to the source while others are PDF downloads.

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